Yousuf is the founder and principal of Enodo Rights. He has extensive experience advising leading multinationals across sectors on strategic implementation of the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights to navigate corporate responsibility risks, including legal, political and financial risk.
His recent engagements include: advising Debevoise & Plimpton on the launch of the unique Business Integrity Group; advising a Fortune 100 consumer products company on the design of a human rights compliance system aligned with the Guiding Principles; advising a leading oil and gas company on a human rights assessment of subsidiaries across the globe; developing guidance for the OECD on the meaning of the involvement terms under the Guiding Principles and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises; and, conducting a public assessment of Barrick Gold’s grievance mechanism in Papua New Guinea for alignment with the Guiding Principles.
Prior to launching Enodo, Yousuf specialized in international disputes at leading law firms in Toronto and New York and served as a law clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada. Yousuf has published and presented widely on the intersection of corporate responsibility and law. He is the author of The Legal Dimension of Business and Human Rights (LexisNexis, forthcoming 2017). He is fluent in French.
- • Juris Doctor, University of Toronto
- • Bachelor of Arts, Economics and Politics, McGill University
Marianna is an expert in Latin American mining law. She is a Venezuelan-qualified attorney with over 20 years’ experience advising leading multinationals in mining and international law. Prior to joining Enodo, she was chief counsel of Vannessa de Venezuela, a subsidiary of Infinito Gold, where she led compliance processes and government relations. She has also acted as Venezuelan in-house counsel to Naxos Resources, where she led the execution of mining operation contracts.
Marianna's mining experience has given her in-depth exposure to local compliance issues across Latin America as well as the social and environmental dimensions of corporate responsibility. She is fluent in English and Spanish.
- • Bachelor of Law, Universidad Santa Maria
- • Diploma in International and Intergovernmental Organizations, UNITAR
Audrey is an attorney with experience in human rights, corporate responsibility, and sustainable development. Prior to joining Enodo, Audrey served as a clerk with the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. She was previously a Legal Trainee with the Business and Human Rights section of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights where she assisted in transnational strategic litigation involving European multinationals operating abroad. Audrey has also held research roles with the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law, the McGill Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism, and the Law, Governance & Sustainability Lab through which she advised on a broad range of issues related to the principles and practice of international and domestic human rights law. Her own research on corporate human rights risk has been published in a collection of essays entitled Corporate Responsibility and Sustainable Development: Exploring the Nexus of Private and Public Interests. While in law school, Audrey provided pro bono legal and consulting services to local not-for-profits and served as an editor for the McGill International Journal of Sustainable Development Law and Policy. She is fluent in English and French.
- • Bachelor of Common Law and Bachelor of Civil Law, McGill University
- • Master of Science, Human Rights, London School of Economics and Political Science
- • Bachelor of Commerce, McGill University Desautels Faculty of Management
Joshua Sussman is a seasoned attorney who specializes in the intersection of human rights obligations, armed conflict, corruption, and foreign investment. He has extensive experience advising governments and multinationals on justice and security issues, the implementation of anti-corruption programs, and investment in frontier markets. Mr. Sussman has served with the U.S. Department of State (DOS) implementing security and justice programs in Afghanistan and Syria. Prior to joining the DOS, Mr. Sussman specialized in complex commercial litigation and white-collar investigations at Latham & Watkins in New York. He has broad experience in Russia and Central Asia, having worked with major financial institutions, including the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development, on numerous investments in the region. He helped establish the Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, a think tank based at George Mason University, that focuses on the role of criminal justice and corruption in international affairs. A native English speaker, he is also fluent in Russian.
- • Juris Doctor, UCLA Law School
- • Master of Arts, International Affairs, American University
- • Bachelor of Arts, Political Science, University of North Carolina
Sonia is an attorney specializing in the intersection of technology and human rights, with extensive experience in international law, human rights, corporate responsibility, and commercial disputes. She previously practiced law at Debevoise & Plimpton LLP—one of the world’s preeminent international law firms—where, in addition to her wide-ranging disputes experience, she played a leading role in the launch of the Business Integrity Group. She has broad experience advising clients in the technology, financial, mining, oil and gas, telecommunications, and pharmaceutical sectors.
Her representative engagements include: structuring and overseeing human rights due diligence for one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies at four representative operations across the globe; developing guidance for the OECD regarding the meaning of cause, contribute to, and directly linked under the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the Guiding Principles; acting as amicus counsel in numerous human rights cases, including before the International Court of Justice; and representing a major oil and gas company in ICSID arbitration proceedings against the Government of Ecuador.
Sonia frequently speaks on human rights compliance issues, and has participated as an expert in several events convened by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development regarding the Guiding Principles. Sonia clerked for the Honorable Lorna G. Schofield in the Southern District of New York. She is fluent in French and Spanish.
- • Juris Doctor, Berkeley Law (specialization in international law)
- • Bachelor of Arts, Claremont McKenna College (cum laude, with Phi Beta Kappa honors)